The Russian Empire is so vast that it would be impossible to give detailed descriptions of all its parts in a work of this size: therefore I have been forced to be content with more general descriptions of provinces with an occasional addition of a typical city. PETERSBURG RUSSIAN FARM SCENE THE TSAR'S DINING-ROOM, MOSCOW ST. PETERSBURG THE THEATRE, ODESSA THE LIBRARY, ODESSA THE TSAR NICHOLAS THE TSARINA KALKSTRASSE AND PROMENADE, RIGA PRINCE KROPOTKINE The Russian Empire is a very extensive territory in eastern Europe and northern Asia, with an area exceeding 8,500,000 square miles, or one-sixth of the land surface of the globe (one twenty-third of its whole superficies).
It is, however, but thinly peopled on the average, including only one-fourteenth of the inhabitants of the earth.
An incomplete postcranial skeleton (67 elements) of a cave lion, a lower jaw and a bundle of fine yellowish hair were found by a local resident in 20 washed out from the perennially frozen Pleistocene sediments in the lower reaches of the Malyi Anyui River (western Chukotka).
This is the first skeleton of a cave lion (Panthera spelaea Goldfuss) to be found in Russia.
Thermokarst lakes and basins are major components of ice-rich permafrost landscapes in East Siberian coastal low-lands and are regarded as indicators of regional climatic changes.The hair was found in association with a skeleton that was recovered recently from perennially frozen Pleistocene sediments in the lower reaches of the Malyi Anyui River (Chukotka, Russia).We extract mitochondrial DNA from the hair to confirm its taxonomic identity, and perform detailed morphological analyses of the color and structure of the hair using light optical microscopy and SEM.Further studies to investigate possible unremoved contamination and obtain more reliable date are planned.ABSTRACT: We present the first detailed analyses of the preserved hair of a cave lion (Panthera spelaea Goldfuss, 1810).